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The Best Liquid Waste Disposal Methods
The proper disposal of liquid waste is a must in order to maintain a good human and animal health. Because liquid waste has a high amount of dangerous compounds such as salts and metals, it is important for companies to get rid of it in a timely manner. Industrial wastes, including dangerous and hazardous liquids, can be disposed of by using a wide variety of techniques and methods.
Many companies from various industries, including mining, manufacturing, metallurgical and construction, generate plenty of waste materials that cannot be recycled, neither consumed. Because these large corporations operate at a wide scale, they produce massive amounts of liquid waste and other waste byproducts. Therefore, it is extremely important for these companies to handle all disposal processes accordingly in order to prevent any further degradation of our planet and the environment. In addition to that, these giant corporations need to protect humans from dangerous contamination and even exposure to contaminants.
In an industrial waste management process, you need to make sure that your company chooses the best way to ensure a proper and safe liquid waste disposal. Some of the most common, yet best techniques to remove liquid industrial waste are:
- Dewatering and Sedimentation. When dealing with non-hazardous liquid waste, you can apply these modern techniques, because they offer several advantages. Dewatering involves the extraction of water, so the solid components are left behind. With a sediment basin, you can easily remove other solid contaminants. The remaining liquid will be further chemically neutralised and then filtered prior to disposal. In order to carry out this type of industrial waste management process, you will need to obtain a special permit from the closest local agencies. Use the dewatering and sedimentation method to remove water from construction sites.
- Incineration. Another widely used liquid waste disposal method is incineration. If the liquid is hazardous, this method is certainly the best choice. It is well known that high temperature eliminates any solid component, leaving the water clean and free of hazardous wastes, like scrap material, slag, rock tailings, oils, acids and other useless and dangerous chemicals. There are two common incineration systems used nowadays: fluidised bed furnaces and multiple hearth furnaces.
- Root Zone. This method is usually used when dealing with liquid waste that comes from people, such as kitchen or bath water. Before the water is released into our environment or transferred into a water treatment system in order to be recycled, it needs to undergo several steps of processing. First and foremost, it will pass through a sedimentation tank, then it will be filtered using a groundbreaking filtration technique and lastly it will go through a polishing pond in order to be pure again. This treatment method is the best and most useful, even if it is the most complex available today.
- Composting. Lastly, in case you deal with organic waste, you need to remove any liquid waste by composting. This industrial waste management technique transforms any solid sediments into an organic fertiliser, which is an effective product that can be used to improve the soil's ability to retain nutrients. Fertilisers contain plenty of important nutrients, such as nitrogen, sodium and potassium, which are extremely good for the soil.
In order to ensure that our planet is protected and that our heath won't be affected in the future, each industrial company needs to make the most out of these industrial waste management techniques and transform the earth into a better and safer place to live.